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November 2016 Issue

Exercise 1

1. T
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. F
6. F
7. T
8. T
9. F
10. T

October 2016 Issue

Exercise 2

1. Like a Rolling Stone
2. It’s Alright, Ma (I’m Only Bleeding)
3. Knocking on the Heavens’ Door
4. Forever Young
5. The Times They Are aChangin’
6. Blowin’ in the Wind
7. Señor
8. Every Grain of Sand

September 2016 Issue

Exercise 2

a. shot put
b. javelin
c. pentathlon
d. pole vault
e. hurdling
f. heptathlon
g. high jump
h. race walking
i. triple jump
j. decathlon

June 2016 Issue

Exercise 2

1. a
2. b
3. c
4. b
5. d
6. a

May 2016 Issue

Exercise 2

1. Who was the youngest American President? Theodore Roosevelt (42)
2. Who was the oldest American President? Ronald Reagan (69)
3. Which President served the longest? Franklin Delano Roosevelt
4. Who was the first President to live in the White House? John Adams
5. How many Presidents died on the Fourth of July? 3 (John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe)
6. How many Presidents died during their term? 8
7. How many Presidents have the word “Father” in their nickname? 4 (George Washington: Father of His Country, John Adams: Father of American Independence, Thomas Jefferson: Father of the Declaration of Independence, and James Madison: Father of the Constitution)
8. Who was the only President who never married? James Buchanan
9. Which President did not talk a lot? Calvin Coolidge
10. Who was the second oldest President? William Henry Harrison
11. Who served the shortest term in office? William Henry Harrison
12. How many Presidents were removed from office? 1
13. Which President died at the youngest age? John F. Kennedy
14. Which President died at the oldest age? Ronald Reagan
15. Which President said this: “Ask not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country?” John F. Kennedy

April 2016 Issue

Exercise 2

1. The
2. the
3. the
4. the
5. the
6. The
7. an
8. the
9. the
10. the
11. the
12. a
13. -
14. the
15. the
16. -
17. the
18. -
19. The
20. the
21. the

March 2016 Issue

Exercise 1

1. It has a lot of woods.
2. It's known for its beautiful coast.
3. A nurse.
4. In 1983, from New Hampshire.
5. It raises an army to protect the country, provides the Treasury, the Post Office and the general administration.
6. It is a legislature with two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
7. The state's beautiful beaches.
8. No, he didn't.
9. It is a great place for families.

Exercise 2

1. 1983
2. Hampshire
3. governments
4. 18th
5. central
6. army
7. Post
8. bicameral
9. branch
11. upkeep

February 2016 Issue

Exercise 1

1. T
2. T
3. F
4. T
5. T
6. T
7. T

Exercise 2

1. They had the power to assign seats to passengers.
2. No, there had been others.
3. It lasted 13 months (381 days.)
4. They either walked or used carpools organized by black leaders.
5. Martin Luther King.
6. It was important to continue interest in positive action.
7. The demands ioncluded among others courteous treatment by bus operators, first-come, first-served seating for all passengers.
8. Bus companies lost a lot of money.
9. There were acts of violence such as bombing of black churches and homes of prominent black leaders.
10. A Montgomery federal court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

October 2014 Issue

Quiz p. 6

1. a
2. a
3. b
4. c
5. c
6. a
7. a, b, c
8. a
9. b
10. a,b,c
11. c
12. a
13. b
15. a
16 c

Exercise 1

1. r Blue Suede Shoes
2. l White Christmas
3. e Blue Christmas
4. j Jailhouse Rock
5. p Heartbreak Hotel
6. b Love Me Tender
7. i That's All Right
8. s Poor Boy
9. f I Slipped, I Stumbled, I Fell
10. o I Can't Help Falling in Love With You
11. c Suspicion
12. g Return to Sender
13. m It's Now Or Never
14. a Are You Lonesome Tonight?
15. h She's Not You
16 n You Don't Know Me
17. d In the Ghetto
18. t Green, Green Grass of Home
19. k Don't Cry, Daddy

October 2012 Issue

Exercise 1


September 2012 Issue

Exercise 1


Exercise 2

1. The
2. the
3. the
4. a
5. the
6. a

July 2012 Issue

Exercise 1


May 2012 Issue


1- b

October 2011 Issue

Exercise 3

Uranium - U
Radium - Ra
Calcium - Ca
Magnesium - Mg
Chromium - Cr
Iron - Fe
Nickel - Ni
Gold - Au
Zinc - Zn
Mercury - Hg
Aluminium - Al
Lead - Pb
Carbon - C
Nitrogen - N
Polonium - Po
Oxygen - O

September 2011 Issue


1. the
2. a
3. a
4. a
5. the
6. the
7. the
8. a
9. a

June 2011 Issue

Exercise 1

1. e
2. g
3. a
4. h
5. b
6. f
7. d
8. c

May 2011 Issue

Exercise 1

1. C
2. G
3. M
4. L
5. D
6. K
7. B
8. J
9. F
10. I
11. H
12. N
13. A
14. E

April 2011 Issue

Exercise 1

1. F
2. T
3. T
4. T
5. T

February 2011 Issue

Exercise 1

1. The town was named after Waterman S. Body (or Bodey) who was the first to find gold in the area.
2. No, they didn't. People started coming to Bodie in large numbers when the first big strike was made in 1877.
3. The sentence implies that there was a lot of gold.
4. The inhabitants of Bodie started leaving because there was less and less gold. Another reason was a big fire in 1932 that destroyed a big part of Bodie.
5. J. S. Cain bought the abandoned houses and stayed in Bodie for a few years to show the town to the passing tourists.
6. The policy of keeping the buildings in a state of "arrested decay" is meant to help preserve the town of Bodie as it was when it was abandoned by its inhabitants.
7. It is believed that any item removed from Bodie brings bad luck.

January 2011 Issue

Exercise 1

Brandon Chillar - an Indian-American Player
1. interview
2. kilos
3. game
4. heritage
5. to
6. path
7. high
8. new
9. older
The Green Packers from Green Bay, Wisconsin
1. played
2. than
3. large
4. only
5. teams
6. won
7. Super
8. result
9. country

November 2010 Issue

Exercise 1

1. knew
2. were going
3. is
4. let
5. came
6. was getting
7. found
8. had forgotten
9. unleashed
10. showed
11. is
12. had thrown
13. resumed
14. got
15. had inhaled
16. walked
17. cherished

October 2010 Issue

Exercise 1

1. barrel racing
2. bareback bronc riding
3. team-roping
4. saddle bronc riding

Exercise 2

1. shouted
2. whistled
3. yelled
4. muttered, spoke
5. lisps
6. Speak, mumble, said
7. exclaimed
8. screamed
9. declared
10. roared, cried
11. murmured
12. announced
13. choke
14. said, sing, singing

September 2010 Issue

Exercise 1

1. a
2. c
3. b

July-August 2010 Issue

Exercise 1

1. filled
2. went
3. sold
4. offered
5. gave
6. came
7. went
8. had made
9. had given
10. might have bought
11. laughed
12. cried
13. gave
14. gave

May 2010 Issue

Exercise 1

1. g
2. b
3. e
4. c
5. f
6. d
7. a

Exercise 2

1. b. II.
2. a. V.
3. d. I.
4. g. III.
5. a. V.
6. c. IV.
7. e. VII.
8. f. VI.

April 2010 Issue

Exercise 1

1. Peregrine Falcon
2. Owl
3. lizard

March 2010 Issue

Exercise 1

Alaska - The Last Frontier, California - The Golden State, Delaware - The First State, Florida - The Sunshine State, Kansas - The Sunflower State, Louisiana - The Pelican State, Massachusetts - The Bay State, Mississippi - The Magnolia State, New York - The Empire State, Oregon - The Beaver State, Rhode Island - The Ocean State, Texas - The Lone Star State

Exercise 2

St. Patrick's Day might be one of the world’s most celebrated holidays, with city-sponsored festivities held in Japan, Australia, Canada, Malaysia, Great Britain and the United States as well as the saint’s beloved Ireland. That geography reflects the broad dispersion of Irish, through choice or necessity, in a 300-year, globe-spanning migration. But perhaps in no other adopted nation is the Irish presence felt as keenly as in the United States, where an ethnic holiday has expanded to embrace all Americans. In virtually every U.S. elementary school, public or private, classrooms are decorated with green; a failure to wear green to school on St. Patrick’s Day might be punished with a playful pinch. Stationery stores sell St. Patrick’s Day greeting cards, bakeries offer shamrock-shaped cookies sprinkled with green sugar, and local pubs serve green beer.

January 2010 Issue

Exercise 1

1) Show Boat
2) Show Boat
3) The Phantom of the Opera
4) West Side Story
5) West Side Story
6) The Phantom of the Opera

Exercise 2

a) T
b) F
c) T
d) F

December 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

1) F
2) T
3) T
4) T
5) T
6) F
7) F
8) F
9) T
10) T
11) F
12) T

November 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

a) enthusiasm
b) disapproval
c) dismissal
d) genuine gratitude
e) indifference
f) irritation

October 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

a) pigeons
b) lark
c) swallow
d) hen
e) cuckoo
f) crow

Exercise 2

a) A hen-pecked husband
b) To be up with the lark
c) To put the cat among the pigeons
d) As the crow flies
e) One swallow doesn't make the summer
f) A cuckoo in the nest

September 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

a) 4
b) 2
c) 6
d) 7
e) 3
f) 1

June 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

1) B
2) A
3) C
4) C
5) A
6) B

May 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

1) T
2) F
3) F
4) F
5) F
6) T
7) F
8) F
9) T
10) F
11) T
12) F

Exercise 2

1) St. Francis of Assisi
2) The City by the Bay
3) b - less than a million
4) "Gold in Peace, Iron in War"

April 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

1) They can take it home.
2) "God Bless America" and then "Take Me Out to the Ball Game"
3) Baseball is America's no. 1 sport and apple pie is America's no. 1 dessert.
4) From the game of rounders.
5) No, there is no time limit.
6) Honus Wagner
7) He was not old enough then.
8) Stan the Man
9) The New York Yankees
10) "The house that Ruth built"

Exercise 2

1) ball game
2) peanuts
3) get back
4) shame

March 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

a) calf
b) kitten
c) piglet
d) lamb
e) cub
f) cub
g) foal
h) gosling
i) duckling
j) eaglet
k) chicken

Exercise 2

a) lodge
b) web
c) shell
d) nest
e) cowshed
f) nest
g) stable
h) hive
i) lair
j) earth

Lighter Side

Chicago Bears play American football

1. bear fruit - bring results, have a favorable outcome
2. bear in mind - remember
3. grin and bear it - put up good-humoredly with adversity
4. loaded for bear - fully prepared for action

February 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

1) This is such an amazing place that only adjectives in the superlative form can describe its landscapes and phenomena.
2) They are able to live in the water whose temperature and salinity are too high for other species.
3) We can see tracks that are visible of the surface of the dry lake.

January 2009 Issue

Exercise 1

1) F
2) F
3) T
4) F

Exercise 2

1) sail
2) mast
3) bow
4) starboard
5) cabin
6) stern

December 2008 Issue

Exercise 1

1) f
2) c
3) e
4) a
5) b
6) g
7) d

November 2008 Issue

Exercise 1

1) windshield
2) hood
3) headlight
4) indicator
5) tyre
6) hub cap
7) side mirror

Exercise 2

1) b
2) d
3) e
4) a
5) c

Exercise 3

1) F
2) F
3) F
4) T
5) T
6) T

October 2008 Issue

Exercise 2

1) This will be the 44th president.
2) The Democratic Party & the Republican Party.
3) No, there has never been a female president or vice-president of the U.S.
4) One of the major parties nominated the first African-American.
5) It is a group of representatives who represent U.S. citizens in electing the president.
6) The number of electors in a state corresponds to the number of U.S. congressmen and senators from that state.
7) Three.
8) Two hundred and seventy.
9) It is called a ballot.
10) Many Americans think that donating to a politician can cause corruption.
11) It is believed that it prevents corruption.
12) Swing states may decide about the outcome of the election as neither party has clear support of their citizens.
13) Mechanical ballot counting machines were introduced because of the rapidly growing voting population.
14) About 500 votes.

September 2008 Issue


1) door
2) prisons
3) movie
4) graffiti
5) picture
6) end
7) plunge

Summer 2008 Issue

Exercise 1

1) The Olympic Flame is lit in Olympia, Greece.
2) The father of the modern Olympics was Baron de Coubertin.
3) Izzy was the mascot of the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta.
4) Red, blue, green, yellow and black are the colors of the Olympic rings because each national flag has at least one of these colors.
5) The Olympic Anthem is sung at each Olympic Games opening ceremony.

Exercise 2

1. Athletics - athlete
2. Baseball - baseball player
3. Basketball - basketball player
4. Boxing - boxer
5. Cycling - cyclist
6. Diving - diver
7. Equestrian - equestrian/equestrienne
8. Fencing - fencer
9. Soccer - soccer player
10. Gymnastics - gymnast
11. Handball - handball player
12. Hockey - hockey player
13. Judo - judoist
15. Rowing - rower, sculler
16. Sailing - sailor
17. Shooting - shooter
18. Softball - softball player
19. Swimming - swimmer
20. Table Tennis - table tennis player
21. Taekwondo - taekwondo fighter
22. Tennis - tennis player
23. Triathlon - triathlete
24. Volleyball - volleyball player
25. Water Polo - water polo player
26. Weightlifting - weightlifter
27. Wrestling - (wrestler)

Exercise 4

a. 1904 - St. Louis - 3rd Summer Olympic Games
b. 1932 - Los Angeles - 10th Summer Olympic Games
c. 1984 - Los Angeles - 23rd Summer Olympic Games
d. 1996 - Atlanta - 26th Summer Olympic Games
e. 1932 - Lake Placid - 3rd Winter Olympic Games
f. 1960 - Squaw Valley - 8th Winter Olympic Games
g. 1980 - Lake Placid - 13th Winter Olympic Games
h. 2002 - Salt Lake City - 19th Winter Olympic Games

Exercise 5

1896: Athens, Greece
1900: Paris, France
1904: St. Louis, USA
1908: London, United Kingdom
1912: Stockholm, Sweden
1920: Antwerp, Belgium
1928: Amsterdam, Netherlands
1932: Los Angeles, USA
1936: Berlin, Germany
1952: Helsinki, Finland
1960: Rome, Italy
1964: Tokyo, Japan
1968: Mexico City, Mexico
1972: Munich, West Germany
1976: Montreal, Canada
1980: Moscow, Soviet Union
1984: Los Angeles, USA
1988: Seoul, South Korea
1992: Barcelona, Spain
1996: Atlanta (USA)
2000: Sydney, Australia

June 2008 Issue

Exercise 1

1) Route 66 passed through 8 states: Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California
2) They had their favorite motels and restaurants. They enjoyed the landmarks they saw along the road.
3) You had to insert a coin.
4) Their homes and fields were destroyed by the dust storms.
5) To eat a huge meal in under an hour.
6) Route 66 was a popular set for many TV programs and films.
7) Its aim is to preserve the historic landmarks and revitalize the economies along Route 66.

Exercise 2

1) b
2) d
3) c
4) a

Missing words:
1) pumps
2) memory
3) vintage
4) steak
5) hour
6) dusk

May 2008 Issue

Exercise 1

Reading 1
1) b
2) d
3) f
4) a
5) c
6) e
Reading 2
1) c
2) d
3) b
4) e
5) a

Exercise 2

1) He was holding a vial of gold.
2) The provisions weighed one ton.
3) They were fishing for salmon.
4) They were called Forty-Niners.
5) They renamed the Creek Bonanza.
6) That the man who makes the most money is the hardest-working laborer and not the man of education.
7) They called it the meanest 32 miles in the world.
8) These were their sled dogs.
9) Panning was initially the main method of retrieving gold.
10) Because they wanted to see and listen to a woman.

Exercise 4

a) golden
b) gold
c) gold; gilded
d) golden
e) gold
f) golden
g) gold; gilded

March 2008 Issue

Exercise 1

1) pants
2) hat
3) suit
4) shirt
5) vest
6) scarf
7) hat

Exercise 2

1) collar
2) sleeve
3) button
4) pocket
5) skirt
6) hemline
7) hat
8) earring
9) lapel
10) jacket
11) belt
12) dress

February 2008 Issue

Exercise 3

1) The fact that she started losing her hair.
2) A group of sales people, the so called "Walker Agents".
3) Yes, she did. "... I was promoted to the washtub."
4) They hoped this brought luck.
5) Anybody who wants.
6) A demanding audience that reacts in a very spontaneous way.
7) New York faced a real estate crash at the beginning of the twentieth century. Another reason was the influence of an African-American entrepreneur who offered accommodation to African-Americans when the white inhabitants of Harlem moved out.
8) The riots of the 1930s and 1940s made the district unsafe.
9) The prospects Harlem faces in the future are much brighter now.

December 2007 Issue

Exercise 1

In which country...?
1) Spain
2) Brazil
3) Costa Rica
4) Ethiopia
5) Spain
6) Brazil
7) Costa Rica
8) Ethiopia
1) Susan
2) Michelle
3) Duncan
4) Susan

November 2007 Issue

Exercise 1

1) North pole and South pole
2) Tropic of Cancer and tropic of Capricorn
3) Latitude is the angular distance of a place north or south of the equator, while longitude is is the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich.
4) The prime meridian is the line of longitude passing through the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London.
5) The latitude of the equator is 0, its length is about 40,075 km.
6) It's called the equator.

Exercise 2

Equinox: autumn and spring, solstice: summer and winter. In 2007: equinox: 21 March at 00:07 and 23 September at 09:51, solstice: 21 June at 18:06 and 22 December at 06:08.

Exercise 4

Eris, Pluto (dwarf planets), Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter, Ceres (dwarf planet), Mars, Earth, Venus, Mercury

October 2007 Issue

Exercise 1

1) If Kevin hadn't learnt music, he would't be the leader of Dixieland Band.
2) Steve wouldn't be coming to Krakow, if he hadn't liked the town during his first visit.
3) Kevin would probably live in the U.S. now, if he hadn't joined the U.S. Army Europe Band.
4) If Steve had moved to Oroville, he wouldn't have to commute 40 kilometers to work.
5) Kevin wouldn't have so many good friends in Poland, if he hadn't toured Poland so many times.
6) Steve wouldn't be teaching Spanish, if he hadn't learnt the language well.

Exercise 2

(a) all in a day's work: expected and normal,
(b) all work and no play: hard work and no time for recreation is not good for our health,
(c) busy work: activity meant to take up time but not very productive,
(d) get down (to work): give one's attention to work,
(e) good works: acts of charity,
(f) has his/her work cut out for himself/herself: face a difficult task,
(g) in the works: in preparation,
(h) make short work of: complete or consume quickly,
(i) many hands make light work: many helpers make work easier,
(j) out of work: unemployed,
(k) bring home the bacon: earn a living.

Exercise 3

1) fix; 2) get; 3) put down; 4) keep, 5) arrange,
6) wither away, 7) sleep, 8) getting up, 9) explain,
10) ask, 11) put, 12) putting out, 13) stay away,
14) look for, 15) give, 16) go on, 17) selling,
18) chase, 19) put, 20) bring, 21) cut.

September 2007 Issue

Exercise 1

1) Horses: corral; 2) Weather: hurricane; 3) Food: tortilla; 4) Animals and insects: jaguar

bonanza: good fortune or profit,
cafeteria: a restaurant in which customers serve themselves or are served from the counter and pay before eating,
canyon: a deep gorge, usually with a river flowing through it,
guerilla: a member of a group taking part in irregular fighting, typically against larger forces,
patio: a paved outdoor area adjoining a house,
savvy: practical knowledge in business, politics or technology.

Exercise 2

(1) Colorado: a state located in the central part of the United States,
(2) El Paso: a city in the westernmost part of Texas on the Rio Grande,
(3) Las Vegas: (known also as The Entertainment Capital of the World), a city in southern Nevada, 
(4) Los Angeles: a city in southern California, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, 
(5) Nevada: a state located in the western region of the United States,
(6) Santa Fe: (the capital of the state of New Mexico), a city in the southern part of the United States, 
(7) Alcatraz: a small island located in the middle of San Francisco Bay in California.

Exercise 3

1) combine; 2) whisk; 3) add; 4) serve.

Exercise 4

1) 25%.

2) It was extended to a month because the celebration of Hispanic Culture became so popular that a week was not enough.

3) The word "dry" was added to warn people who visited the place of the lack of fresh water on the land.

4) The answer can be found, for example, at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celia_Cruz

5) It is based on Afro-Caribbean rhythms, Cuban big-band dance melodies, jazz and rock.


June 2007 Issue

Exercise 1

1) S; 2) J; 3) Ch; 4) E; 5) S; 6) C;
7) J; 8) D; 9) E; 10) D.

Exercise 2

(1) allowance;
(2) chores;
(3) part-time;
(4) bagging;
(5) regardless;
(6) abuse;
(7) hours;
(8) minors.

May 2007 Issue

Exercise 1

1) cartoonist; 2) journal; 3) lead; 4) editor; 5) circulation; 6) tabloid;
7) newsreel; 8) headline; 9) daily; 10) newsstand.

Exercise 2

(1) freelance journalist;
(2) war correspondent;
(3) foreign correspondent;
(4) sports journalist;
(5) Washington corresopondent.

March 2007 Issue

Exercise 1

1) fencing; 2) pole vault; 3)diving; 4)running, marathon; 5)ski jumping 6) boxing;

Exercise 2

(1) swimming: lane, breaststroke, crawl, sidestroke;
(2) baseball: pitcher, batter, catcher, baseman, fielders;
(3) soccer: trainer, goal, line judge, goal keeper, penalty area, center line, referee, back judge, sideline.

Exercise 3

1. ice hockey - ice rink/ice field; 2. volleyball - court; 3. swimming - swimming pool; 4. football - stadium/football field; 5. tennis - court; 6. baseball - stadium/baseball field; 7. badminton - court; 8. handball - court.

February 2007 Issue

Exercise 1

a) 4; b) 3; c) 1; d) 2; e) 5;

Exercise 2

(1) dawn; (2) outsiders; (3) enforced; (4) decidedly; (5) subordinate
(6) away; (7) taking; (8) increments; (9) out.

January 2007 Issue

Exercise 1 and 2

1. d; 2. h; 3. c; 4. g; 5. b;
6. j; 7. i; 8. f; 9. e; 10.a.
honest: 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 10
dishonest: 2, 4, 5
7 - can be honest, but it may sometimes imply earning money dishonestly

Exercise 3

Spending: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Saving: 2, 8, 9, 10

November 2006 Issue

Exercise 1 and 2

Student's own answers

Exercise 3

1. c; 2. f; 3. g; 4. b; 5. a; 6. d; 7. e

October 2006 Issue

Exercise 1

1 - c, 2 - a, 3 - b

Exercise 2

1. explore - exploration; 2. discover - discovery; 3. invent - invention, inventor; 4. travel - travel, traveler; 5. hike - hike, hiker; 6. fly - flight; 7. navigate - navigation; 8. survive - survival; 9. sail - sail, sailor; 10. cruise - cruise, cruiser; 11. depart - departure; 12. arrive - arrival; 13. board - boarding; 14. embark - embarkation.

Exercise 3

1. travel light - take little baggage; 2. survival of the fittest - those best adapted to particular conditions will succeed (the phrase was invented by Herbert Spencer in "Principles of Biology"); with flying colors - very well (for example speaking of passing a test or exam)

September 2006 Issue


mile - mi; inch - in; foot - ft; ounce - oz; gallon - gal; pint - pt; degrees Fahrenheit - °F; pound -lb


1. c; 2. d; 3. b; 4. f; 5. h; 6. a; 7. g; 8. e.

"Bollywood Mania" Rising in United States:

1. formerly; 2. known; 3. increasingly; 4. blockbusters; 5. box office; 6. release; 7. producers; 8. distributors; 9. earn; 10. screenings.

June 2006 Issue

Exercise 1

(a) 10, (b) 4, (c) 21, (d) 5, (e) 6, (f) 7, (g) 9, (h) 11, (i) 3, (j) 12, (k) 15)
(l) 13, (m) 8, (n) 16, (o) 18, (p) 2, (r) 17, (s) 19, (t) 1, (u) 20 (v) 14.

Exercise 2

1. black book
2. closed book
3. cracking a book
4. threw the book at him
5. wrote the book
6. read ... like a book

May 2006 Issue

Exercise 1

1. Gilbert, Arizona
2. North Las Vegas, Nevada
3. Henderson, Nevada
4. Chandler, Arizona
5. Peoria, Arizona
6. Irvine, California
7. Rancho Cucamonga, California
8. Chula Vista, California
9. Fontana, California
10. Joliet, Illinois

Exercise 2

1. ladder
2. sawhorse
3. cement
4. insulation
5. screwdriver
6. hard hat
7. brick
8. board
9. level

Exercise 3

1. 1805 - great fire in Detroit
2. That Toddling Town - Chicago nickname
3. 325 - number of sunny days in Los Angeles
4. Peter Minuit - the man who bought the Island of Manhattan from Indian tribes
5. The Alamo - the fort in Texas and symbol of the Texas Revolution
6. Ransom E. Olds - one of the Detroit automobile industry managers
7. 78 - the number of Nobel Prize winners who have lived in Chicago
8. Hispanics - immigrants from Latin America
9. 44 - original number of inhabitants of LA in 1781

April 2006 Issue

Task 1

deserted - adjective
desert - noun
dessert - noun
desert - adjective
desert - verb
desert - adjective
desert - noun
desserts - noun, plural
desert - noun

Task 2

Bonza Bottler Day: April 4th

Task 3

1. C
2. A

March 2006 Issue

Art Movements
Art Deco, Surrealism, Impressionism, Baroque, Classicism

Famous Artists
DaVinci, Vermeer, Michelangelo, O'Keeffe, Van Gogh, Renoir, Pisarro, Degas, Cassatt, Gauguin

February 2006 Issue

From America With Love

The tsunami that struck South Asia the day after Christmas affected all Americans temporarily; however, it changed me permanently. The name Chennai, India, which was frequently mentioned in news coverage, took on special meaning for my family. My mother had worked with a woman, Becky Douglas from Atlanta, who had recently founded an orghanage there. It suddenly struck my mother that the orphanage was right in the path of the tsunami. We learned from Becky by phone that all of the children in the orphanage, which was only a few hundred feet from the beach, were safe, but that nearly all the children in a nearby orphanage had been killed. We also learned that the economy of the fishing villages along the beach had been destroyed. When we asked what would be the best way of helping these people, Becky replied that the long-term welfare of the people would depend on their ability to return to the sea and fish. How much would that cost? Becky said that $11,000 would repair or replace the boats and nets of a village of 500 people. When I got home from our holiday break I spoke with our headmaster and asked his permission to have a fundraising drive at The Bullis School. He gave his consent, and three days later I gave a presentation to the entire student body to kick off the campaign. On the first day of the campaign - and to our great suprise - we raised more than $4,000. By the end of the weekend we raised more than double the amount of our goal, and to date we have raised more than $10,000. One hundred percent of this money has gone directly to India.

January 2006 Issue

Sour Sample

We had to wait as an express train hurtled past our car. Jack lost all his naivete during the first year of working for a multinational corporation. The National Museum was brimming with tourists. Are there still delusional people in your class who think they can get into college easily without putting any effort towards it? What is your most poignant memory from the past year? I don't think gender of the prospective employee should matter to the employer. The book presents a classic "rags to riches" story. The Johnsons aren't just well off, they are truly affluent. Not only teenagers are distressed; in fact their parents can be even more harried After so many terrible events in her life, Mrs. Derrick became quite sour. After the media reported numerous failures of the new government, the stock market plummeted. The advent of the Internet era forever changed the way people seek information. In the wake of the disaster no one knew how many people had lost their lives.

December 2005 Issue

Moving Around

to stir - to make a small movement with the whole body
to wink - to close and open an eye quickly, usually to give a signal
to nod - to move the head down and up quickly, usually to signal agreement
to spring - to jump up or forward quickly
to twist - to turn something
to jerk - to move oneself or something abruptly


GSM - Global System for Mobile Communications
PC - Personal Computer
DVD - Digital Video Disk
MP3 - Moving Picture Experts Group Layer-3 Audio
WAP - Wireless Application Protocol
GPRS - General Packet Radio Service
JP(E)G - Joint Photographic (Experts') Group

November 2005 Issue

The Places

The Mississippi River has acted as a regional lifeline, moving settlers to new homes and foodstuffs to market.
Winds from the Pacific Ocean carry enough moisture to keep the land in the West well-watered.
Great Salt Lake, covering about 5,000 square kilometers today has a salt content much higher than that of the oceans.
Fifth Avenue in New York City is very popular with shoppers.
The two major mountain areas of northern New England are the Green Mountains of Vermont and the White Mountains of New Hampshire.
The lowest and highest elevations in the conterminous United States, Death Valley and Mount Whitney, respectively, are almost within sight of each other.
The Hawaiian archipelago is a string of islands and reefs, 3,300 kilometers long, that forms a broad arc in the Pacific Ocean.
Central Park in New York City has a reputation as a dangerous place, especially after dark.
The Czech Republic is a parliamentary democracy.

The Numbers Issue

King Louis XIV - King Louis the fourteenth.
5% - five percent
700,000 people - seven hundred thousand people
August 29th - August twenty-ninth
1/2 teaspoon - half a teaspoon
3/4 cup - three quarters of a cup

October 2005 Issue

High School Vocab

My entire family - both sets of grandparents, my parents, stepmother, two aunts, two sisters and a cousin - attended my graduation ceremony last Friday. I am the first in my family to hold a high school diploma.
Angela was such a smart and quick learner that she skipped grade 11 and went straight into 12.
I thought he shouldn't have given me a demerit for forgetting my school blazer on such a hot day!
Unfortunately for my two sons, the best high school in our neighborhood is an all-girls one.
We no longer use petri dishes in our science class. All experiments are computer-simulated.
Without any visual aids his presentation on Baroque art seemed dull.
I didn't do my homework for today because all last afternoon I was working on the decorations for the senior prom.
The local chemical plant sponsored a completely new and modern science lab for our school.
Some schools are dropping traditional textbooks in favor of e-books.
Some people would say that all-girls schools are outdated and that competition between boys and girls creates a healthy atmosphere.

September 2005 Issue

Basketball in the Works

1 c
2 a
3 a
4 c
5 b
6 d

No Regrets

The last time we saw the Jacksons was in 2004.
He isn't allowed to go camping by his parents.
Barbara started working at the drugstore last summer.
I'd prefer you not to tell anybody about it.
Who does this house belong to?
There were fewer storks in our village this year than last.

July/August 2005 Issue

Getting Down to Business

get ahead with - make progress with
get along with - have a friendly relationship with
get around to - find the necessary time or effort to
get away from - escape from
become serious about - get down to
get away with - do something without being punished
get on with - proceed with
get up - arise from bed

Cook's Recipe

The cook was furious when he found out the meat had gone off.
One of the places you have to go to when in Tunisia is their beautiful desert.
You won't be able to exchange this blouse unless you still have the receipt.
Since we had this economical heating installed, our bills have become much lower!
Ironing is my least favorite kind of housework.

June 2005 Issue

Brocoli or Broccoli


I Wish I Could Do This!

1. I wish I were/was taller. If only I were/was taller.
2. I wish I had studied harder at the beginning of the school year. If only I had studied harder at the beginning of the school year.
3. I wish I had a huge house with a pool. If only I had a huge house with a pool.
4. I wish I had some artistic talent. If only I had some artistic talent.
5. I wish I had got some sleep last night. If only I had got some sleep last night.
6. I wish I had put on sunscreen this morning. If only I had put on sunscreen this morning.
7. I wish I wasn't/weren't useless at tennis. If only I wasn't/weren't useless at tennis.
8. I wish I had joined my friends at the cinema last night. If only I had joined my friends at the cinema last night.
9. I wish I didn't have a terrible stomachache. If only I didn't have a terrible stomachache.
10. I wish I could drive. If only I could drive.

May 2005 Issue

A Little Difficult?

1. There were only a few items left after the big sale.
2. You only need a little sugar to make this cake.
3. We don't need to hurry. We still have a little time before the train leaves.
4. I don't understand why there were so few people at the cinema. I really liked the movie.
5. My mother always had very little patience with us. She got angry quickly when we misbehaved.
6. At a job interview they will want to ask you a few questions.
7. Few people can speak more than 5 languages.
8. The man who was sitting a few seats in front of us was eating popcorn very loudly.

A Case of A Blank

1. She was probably the most beautiful woman I've ever seen.
2. My kids usually drink hot chocolate before going to sleep.
3. My older brother is a computer programmer. He works from home.
4. Can I have a bar of chocolate?
5. Doctors say you should eat five servings of vegetables a day.
6. I love green tea, but the tea they served at this restaurant last night was horrible!
7. The poor in this country are threatening to rebel unless their situation improves.
8. I couldn't understand why they chose to live in Minnesota. For me, the warm states are the best in the United States.
9. You'll find the main library on Pulaski Street.

April 2005 Issue

Conditional Use of Water

If people watered their lawns early in the morning or in the evening, the amount of water plants drink would increase.
If people didn't let water run while brushing their teeth, water wouldn't be wasted.
If people used cars less often, less metals and pollutants from cars would wash into streams.
If the global use and demand of water wasn't increasing, groundwater levels in every continent would not be reaching an all time low.
Water consumption would be lower if more water meters were installed.

A Volunteer

Jonathan tests the quality of water in a stream in northwest Washington, D.C., as part of an eighth-grade service learning project. To prepare for this activity, Jonathan studied basic principles of biology and the ecology of wetlands in his science class. In his language arts class, he wrote a research paper on how watersheds affect community health. In his social science class, he joined with a group of fellow students to examine successful strategies local citizens employ to enhance local streams.

The educational system in the United States today affords students like Jonathan and Juanita the opportunity to become engaged in community service that is linked to their course work. As a result, young people are developing an ethic of service and citizenship as they move through their academic routine.

March 2005 Issue

Find Words

before that - prior to that
question or problem - puzzle
to occupy the same place in time - coincide
increase the length of - expand
goalkeeper - goalie
very innovative - groundbreaking
treats with respect - honors
changing - transforming

My Own Words

I remember what it was like being a teenager, wanting to fit in, but still feeling like maybe I never would, that I'd never find what was right for me. You want to find that place, find that niche of friendship and feel like you belong. So what I did was get involved in a lot of extracurricular activities, trying to find something that I enjoyed.

I did a little bit of everything. I played multiple sports, not just one sport. I played basketball, football, baseball. I also joined after-school activities just to see what I liked, and to see what type of people I liked, and figure out if that was something that I wanted to do.

Sometimes you find out you're lousy. Sometimes you screw up and you're afraid people are going to laugh at you, but so what? You have to do your best to not be afraid of people laughing or not agreeing with what you're doing. You have to stand up and be your own person first of all. And second, when you find that thing you do enjoy doing, that thing you're good at, keep at it.

And it's not like you have to figure all this out by yourself. I remember I had one really good friend who was my age. He could kind of tell me the positives and negatives about things I was doing. I also had relatives who could be objective and tell me if things I was into were good or bad. And they did not judge me. They would just support me as much as they could.

Text by Marvin Lewis adapted from Electronic Journal "Growing Up Healthy" available at http://usinfo.state.gov/journals/itgic/0105/ijge/ijge0105.htm

February 2005 Issue

Word Formation


January 2005 Issue

Who Said What

Andy said, "I have to be at work on New Year's Eve."
Andy said he had to be at work on New Year's Eve.

Mom said, "I may spend the holidays abroad this time."
Mom said she might spend the holidays abroad this time.

Jack said, "I must lose weight next year."
Jack said he had to lose weight the following year.

Emily said, "Jack has been working on that project all year long."
Emily said that Jack had been working on that project all year long.

Ethan swore, "I will not break all my resolutions this year."
Ethan swore he wouldn't break all his resolutions this year.

Juan said, "We had a terrible New Year's party last year. This year it's going to be different."
Juan said that we had had a terrible New Year's party the year before and that that year it was going to be different.

Hunt for Holidays

Independence Day - fireworks
Christmas - wafer, carol
Easter - egg hunt
Halloween - pumpkin, trick or treat
Hanukkah - menorah
St. Patrick's Day - parade


In the Chinese calendar each year is associated with one of 12 animals. The Chinese believe that the characteristics of a given animal influence the personality of every person born in that year.

According to the Chinese calendar a person born in the year of the Rooster is characterized by precision, meticulousness and even perfectionism. He or she has strong convictions and usually makes definite decisions. Roosters are also talented in doing organizational work.

December 2004 Issue

In a Nutshell

Tired of working for peanuts, Tom applied for and obtained a better job.
Nicholas was upset that he had overslept and missed his math test, but he decided that it was pointless crying over spilled milk.
Tiffany had planned a surprise party for her best friend, Kate, but another classmate spilled the beans by mentioning it to Kate during a lunch break.
"In a nutshell, our students' exam results have improved greatly in the past year," said principal Harding.
Peter declined the invitation to a Halloween party, saying that it just wasn’t his cup of tea.

Frog Legs for Dinner?

"How many dishes do you prepare for Christmas dinner?" asked my American penfriend Alice.
Alice, my American penfriend, wanted to find out how many dishes I prepared for Christmas dinner.

Although Bridget tried very hard, she failed to cook dinner for her friends.
Despite trying very hard, Bridget failed to cook dinner for her friends.

I have no objections against having frog legs for dinner tonight.
I don't mind having frog legs for dinner tonight.

The waiter gave us a dirty look because we didn't give him a high enough tip.
If we had given the waiter a high enough tip, he would not have given us a dirty look.

November 2004 Issue

Fill in the Blank

1. The _____Ballot Box_____ is a sealed container into which an elector places a completed ballot paper.

2. An ___Election______ is a voting process by which a choice is made between candidates in an election or between options in a referendum. Also, can be described by the choosing of representatives by voters.

3. Another name for the vote itself is called ___Poll____.

4. A system of government in which governance of the people is by elected representatives is called ______Democracy_______________.

5. An _______Independent_________ candidate or Member of Parliament can be described as not a member of a political party.

6. Another word for an election is a ______Ballot____.

7. Those people who vote in an election are called ——Voters———.

8. A person who seeks or is nominated for an office, prize, or honor is known as a _____Candidate_______________.

9. The ______President______________ is the chief executive of the United States, serving as both chief political executive.


October 2004 Issue

Educational Definitions

Kindergarten a preschool for children age 4 to 6 to prepare them for elementary school
Elementary School a school for the first six to eight years of a child’s formal education, often including kindergarten
Middle School a school at a level between elementary and high school, typically including grades seven through nine
High School
a secondary school that usually includes grades 9 or 10 through 12
an institution of higher learning that grants the bachelor’s degree in liberal arts or science or both
Graduate Degree an academic degree such as MA or PhD conferred by a college or university upon those who complete at least one year of prescribed study beyond the bachelor’s degree
Freshman first year student in either high school or college
Sophomore second year student in either high school or college
Junior third year student in either high school or college
Senior fourth year student in either high school or college
Undergraduate Degree a degree from a University or College, also known as a Bachelor’s Degree

Differences Between Institutions

College: Professor, Dean, Bachelor’s of Arts, Bachelor’s of Science, University, Undergraduate, Major, SAT’s, Freshman, Senior, Resume, GPA, Minor, Graduation,

High School: Teacher, Principal, SAT’s, Freshman, Senior, Resume, GPA, Classroom, Graduation,


September 2004 Issue

State Names:
Idaho - From the Indian phrase E Dah Hoe meaning gem of the mountains
Alaska - From the Aleutian word Alakshak meaning great lands or peninsula
Arkansas - From the Sioux word acansa meaning downstream place
Connecticut - From the Mohegan word Quinnehtukqut meaning Long River Place
Iowa - From the Dakota Indian word Ayuhwa meaning sleepy ones
Michigan - From the Chippewa word meicigama meaning great water
Mississippi - From the Chippewa words mici zibi meaning great river
Oklahoma - From the Choctaw words okla meaning people and humma meaning red
Tennessee - After Cherokee Indian villages called Tanasi
Wisconsin - From the Chippewa word Ouisconsin meaning grassy place

What Do We Know:
2. They say Pocahontas saved the life of Captain John.
A. Pocahontas is said to have saved the life of Captain John.
B. It is said that Pocahontas saved the life of Captain John.
3. They believe that Tecumseh predicted the powerful earthquake in Missouri on Dec. 16, 1811.
A. Tecumseh is believed to have predicted the powerful earthquake in Missouri on Dec. 16, 1811.
B. It is believed that Tecumseh predicted the powerful earthquake in Missouri on Dec. 16, 1811.
4. They expect Joanne Shenandoa, a successful Native American singer, to release a new album soon.
A. Joanne Shenandoa, a successful Native American singer, is expected to release a new album soon.
B. It is expected that Joanne Shenandoa, a successful Native American singer, will release a new album soon.

July-August 2004 Issue

Who Said That:
A doctor can bury his mistakes but an architect can only advise his clients to plant vines. - Frank Lloyd Wright
If you have to have a job in this world, a high-priced movie star is a pretty good gig. - Tom Hanks
Blues is easy to play, but hard to feel. - Jimi Hendrix
My instinct about painting says, 'If you don't think about it, it's right.' As soon as you have to decide and choose, it's wrong. And the more you decide about, the more wrong it gets. - Andy Warhol
For me, the cinema is not a slice of life, but a piece of cake. - Alfred Hitchcock

Artists' Tools:

metronome - music
glaze - sculpture, painting
easel - painting
mouthpiece - music
tap shoes - dance
canvas - painting
prop - theater, film
clay - sculpture
clapboard - film
tutu - dance (ballet)

Some Art Critics Can Make Your Blood Boil:

The highly unfavorable review from the usually laudatory critic was a bitter pill to swallow for the sculptor.
An artist to an art critic: "Stop beating around the bush! Just tell me what you think!"
In a theater play review: "The new play by Robert Merredith closed on the first night. It bombed."
The two editors of our local newspaper always have different opinions on the artistic life in our little community. The subject is a bone of contention between them.
"I know some media have called him the best new film director in the country, but I think he's just a flash in the pan."

June 2004 Issue

Can You Find the Hidden Words:

Thinking Caps On:


Who Invented That:

New York City  -  Largest city in the United States

Medison Square Garden - Home of the New York Knicks

Albany - Capital of New York State

Shea Stadium - Home of the New York Mets


May 2004 Issue

Who Invented That:
1. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876.
2. Robert Jarvik developed the artificial heart in late 1970s.
3. Willis Haviland Carrier patented the air conditioner.
4. George Eastman devised the roll film and Kodak camera.
5. Jonas Salk developed the vaccine for polio.

1. The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.
2. The artificial heart was developed by Robert Jarvik in late 1970s.
3. The air conditioner was patented by Willis Haviland Carrier.
4. The roll film and Kodak camera were devised by George Eastman.
5. The vaccine for polio was developed by Jonas Salk.

A Little Bit of Math:

The hottest U.S. temperature ever recorded was 56 degrees Celsius.
The coldest U.S. temperature ever recorded was -62 degrees Celsius.

Name That Scientist:

geography - geographer
chemistry - chemist
microbiology - microbiologist
physics - physicist
veterinary medicine - veterinarian (vet)

April 2004 Issue

True and False Sentences:
1-F, 2-F, 3-T, 4-T, 5-F

ecology - from Greek oikos=home logos=study, study of our home - is a science of habitat, a study of organisms and their interactions with each other and with their environment.

March 2004 Issue

Match Idioms & Explanations:
a whole new ball game - a new set of circumstances
a ballpark figure - an estimate
to throw a curve ball - to fool, surprise; to bring up the unexpected
to throw in the towel - to quit; to give up
to huddle - to gather together; to consult

Sports Countdown:
137.7 million - A hundred and thirty-seven point seven million
150,916 - A hundred and fifty thousand nine hundred and sixteen
3.9 million - Three point nine million
9.78 seconds - Nine point seven eight seconds

Is It a Cup or Is It a Bowl:
Super Bowl - American football
Stanley Cup - hockey
The World Series - baseball
MLS Cup - soccer Ryder Cup - golf
Davis Cup - tennis

February 2004 Issue

Match Words and Explanations:
myriad - a great number
graduate - someone who has received a diploma from a school or university
synopsis - a short description
coach - someone who trains sportsmen
racial - of, relating to or characteristic of race
launch - to give something a start

Quiz Yourself on the Rap Vocabulary:
1 a
2 b
3 a
4 a

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